Visualization and Language Learning
Visualization is a potentially powerful tool for becoming an effective self-regulating learner and may greatly increase the efficacy of one’s other language learning strategies. In “The L2 Motivational Self System,” Zoltán Dörnyei, arguably the foremost expert on motivation and second language learning, reviews a large body of research that confirms the positive role visualization can play in personal performance (2009a). His compelling model explains how imagining our ideal self (the person we want to become), our ought self (the person we think others want us to become), and the feared self (the person we do not want to become) all contribute to motivating us. He argues that visualization coupled with concrete workable plans for achieving goals can greatly increase language learners’ performance and help them overcome discouragement.